NewsScience

A 3.8-million-year-old hominin cranium from Woranso-Mille, Ethiopia

Two related studies describe a newly discovered cranium of Australopithecus anamensis, the environment in which this hominin would have lived approximately 3.8 million years ago and how it is related to Australopithecus afarensis.

1.Brunet, M. et al. Australopithecus bahrelghazali, une nouvelle espèce dHominidé ancien de la région de Koro Toro (Tchad). C. R. Acad. Sci. IIA322, 907913 (1996).
2.Brunet, M. et al. New material of the earliest hominid from the Upper Miocene of Chad. Nature434, 752755 (2005).
3.Brunet, M. et al. A new hominid from the Upper Miocene of Chad, Central Africa. Nature418, 145151 (2002).
4.Haile-Selassie, Y. Late Miocene hominids from the Middle Awash, Ethiopia. Nature412, 178181 (2001).
5.Haile-Selassie, Y. et al. New species from Ethiopia further expands Middle Pliocene hominin diversity. Nature521, 483488 (2015).
6.Haile-Selassie, Y. et al. A new hominin foot from Ethiopia shows multiple Pliocene bipedal adaptations. Nature483, 565569 (2012).
7.Leakey, M. G., Feibel, C. S., McDougall, I. & Walker, A. New four-million-year-old hominid species from Kanapoi and Allia Bay, Kenya. Nature376, 565571 (1995).
8.Leakey, M. G., Feibel, C. S., McDougall, I., Ward, C. & Walker, A. New specimens and confirmation of an early age for Australopithecus anamensis. Nature393, 6266 (1998).
9.Leakey, M. G. et al. New hominin genus from eastern Africa shows diverse middle Pliocene lineages. Nature410, 433440 (2001).
10.Senut, B. et al. First hominid from the Miocene (Lukeino formation, Kenya). C. R. Acad. Sci. IIA332, 137144 (2001).
11.White, T. D., Suwa, G. & Asfaw, B. Australopithecus ramidus, a new species of early hominid from Aramis, Ethiopia. Nature371, 306312 (1994).
12.White, T. D. et al. Ardipithecus ramidus and the paleobiology of early hominids. Science326, 6486 (2009).
13.Wood, B. & K Boyle, E. Hominin taxic diversity: fact or fantasy? Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 159, 3778 (2016).
14.Haile-Selassie, Y., Melillo, S. M. & Su, D. F. The Pliocene hominin diversity conundrum: do more fossils mean less clarity? Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA113, 63646371 (2016).
15.Haile-Selassie, Y. et al. Dentognathic remains of Australopithecus afarensis from Nefuraytu (Woranso-Mille, Ethiopia): comparative description, geology, and paleoecological context. J. Hum. Evol. 100, 3553 (2016).
16.Haile-Selassie, Y. Phylogeny of early Australopithecus: new fossil evidence from the Woranso-Mille (central Afar, Ethiopia). Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B365, 33233331 (2010).
17.Haile-Selassie, Y., Saylor, B. Z., Deino, A., Alene, M. & Latimer, B. M. New hominid fossils from Woranso-Mille (Central Afar, Ethiopia) and taxonomy of early Australopithecus. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 141, 406417 (2010).
18.Saylor, B. Z. et al. Age and context of new mid-Pliocene hominin cranium from Woranso-Mille, Ethiopia. Nature https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1514-7 (2019).
19.Ward, C. V., Leakey, M. G. & Walker, A. Morphology of Australopithecus anamensis from Kanapoi and Allia Bay, Kenya. J. Hum. Evol. 41, 255368 (2001).
20.Ward, C. V., Manthi, F. K. & Plavcan, J. M. New fossils of Australopithecus anamensis from Kanapoi, West Turkana, Kenya (20032008). J. Hum. Evol. 65, 501524 (2013).
21.Ward, C. V., Plavcan, J. M. & Manthi, F. K. New fossils of Australopithecus anamensis from Kanapoi, West Turkana, Kenya (20122015). J. Hum. Evol. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2017.07.008 (2017).
22.Manthi, F. K., Plavcan, J. M. & Ward, C. V. New hominin fossils from Kanapoi, Kenya, and the mosaic evolution of canine teeth in early hominins. S. Afr. J. Sci. 108, 724 (2012).
23.Suwa, G. et al. Paleobiological implications of the Ardipithecus ramidus dentition. Science326, 6999 (2009).
24.Haile-Selassie, Y., Suwa, G. & White, T. D. Late Miocene teeth from Middle Awash, Ethiopia, and early hominid dental evolution. Science303, 15031505 (2004).
25.White, T. D. et al. Asa Issie, Aramis and the origin of Australopithecus. Nature440, 883889 (2006).
26.Suwa, G. et al. The Ardipithecus ramidus skull and its implications for hominid origins. Science326, 6868e7 (2009).
27.Kimbel, W. H., Rak, Y. & Johanson, D. C. The Skull of Australopithecus afarensis (Oxford Univ. Press, 2004).
28.Guy, F. et al. Morphological affinities of the Sahelanthropus tchadensis (Late Miocene hominid from Chad) cranium. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA102, 1883618841 (2005).
29.Rak, Y. The Australopithecine Face (Academic, 1983).
30.Kimbel, W. H. & Rak, Y. Australopithecus sediba and the emergence of Homo: Questionable evidence from the cranium of the juvenile holotype MH 1. J. Hum. Evol. 107, 94106 (2017).
31.Kimbel, W. H., White, T. D. & Johanson, D. C. Cranial morphology of Australopithecus afarensis: a comparative study based on a composite reconstruction of the adult skull. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 64, 337388 (1984).
32.Kimbel, W. H. & Rak, Y. The cranial base of Australopithecus afarensis: new insights from the female skull. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B365, 33653376 (2010).
33.Strait, D. S. & Grine, F. E. Inferring hominoid and early hominid phylogeny using craniodental characters: the role of fossil taxa. J. Hum. Evol. 47, 399452 (2004).
34.Dembo, M., Matzke, N. J., Mooers, A. Ø. & Collard, M. Bayesian analysis of a morphological supermatrix sheds light on controversial fossil hominin relationships. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B282, 20150943 (2015).
35.Kimbel, W. H. et al. Was Australopithecus anamensis ancestral to A. afarensis? A case of anagenesis in the hominin fossil record. J. Hum. Evol. 51, 134152 (2006).
36.Asfaw, B. The Belohdelie frontal: new evidence of early hominid cranial morphology from the Afar of Ethiopia. J. Hum. Evol. 16, 611624 (1987).
37.Renne, P. R. et al. Chronostratigraphy of Mio-Pliocene Sagantole Formation, Middle Awash Valley, Afar rift, Ethiopia. Bull. Geol. Soc. Am. 111, 869885 (1999).
38.Kimbel, W. H., Johanson, D. C. & Rak, Y. The first skull and other new discoveries of Australopithecus afarensis at Hadar, Ethiopia. Nature368, 449451 (1994).
39.Ward, C. V. Taxonomic affinity of the Pliocene hominin fossils from Fejej, Ethiopia. J. Hum. Evol. 73, 98102 (2014).
40.Fleagle, J. G., Rasmussen, D. T., Yirga, S., Bown, T. M. & Grine, F. E. New hominid fossils from Fejej, Southern Ethiopia. J. Hum. Evol. 21, 145152 (1991).
41.Kappelman, J. et al. Age of Australopithecus afarensis from Fejej, Ethiopia. J. Hum. Evol. 30, 139146 (1996).
42.Kimbel, W. H., Johanson, D. C. & Coppens, Y. Pliocene hominid cranial remains from the Hadar Formation, Ethiopia. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 57, 453499 (1982).
43.Wood, B. Koobi Fora Research Project: Hominid Cranial Remains Vol. 4 (Clarendon, 1991).
44.Lockwood, C. A. & Tobias, P. V. A large male hominin cranium from Sterkfontein, South Africa, and the status of Australopithecus africanus. J. Hum. Evol. 36, 637685 (1999).
45.Zollikofer, C. P. et al. Virtual cranial reconstruction of Sahelanthropus tchadensis. Nature 434, 755759 (2005).
46.Martin, R. & Knussman, R. Anthropologie: Handbuch der vergleichenden Biologie des Menschen Vol. 1 (Gustav Fischer, 1988).
47.Benazzi, S., Gruppioni, G., Strait, D. S. & Hublin, J.-J. Technical note: virtual reconstruction of KNM-ER 1813 Homo habilis cranium. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 153, 154160 (2014).
48.Besl, P. J. & McKay, N. D. A method for registration of 3-D shapes. IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 14, 239256 (1992).
49.Zhang, Z. Iterative point matching for registration of free-form curves and surfaces. Int. J. Comput. Vis. 13, 119152 (1994).
50.Bookstein, F. L. Morphometric Tools for Landmark Data: Geometry and Biology (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1997).

Trending tweet for more info.

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button
Close